Always follow the manufacturer's recommendations for fasteners and structural hardware. 2 in. x 4 ft. Pressure-Treated Wood Step-Tread Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with this durable stair tread. Divide the height (X) by your estimated number of risers to find the exact riser height. See the complete deck project from design to finishing touches at Lowes.com/BuildaDeck. READ MORE Read Deck Builder magazines' Mike Guertin article on building deck stairs for even more detailed information. Learn about our variety of composite durable decking options for creating your outdoor living oasis. When attaching stair stringers, use a level to draw two plumb lines to mark the left and right positions for the skirts and horizontal lines to mark the top tread location. Learn how to build deck stairs. It also has 2-inch x 6-inch risers or toe kicks on the back for a clean look. At the bottom of the steps, secure 4 x 4 posts to the stringers with bracing, anchors and carriage bolts. Drill pilot holes in the ends of boards to prevent splitting when you nail or screw them together. apart. Place the board between the stringers and attach to stringers with 3” galvanized deck screws. The stair gauges must rest against the board edge to maintain proper alignment. The stairs should be at least 36 inches wide. Price match guarantee + FREE shipping on eligible orders. This will be used to fasten the stairs to the concrete pad. The final part of the deck build is the stairs. Measure out that distance from the deck to find the exact landing point. Use this stringer as a template to mark and cut the others. For this deck, the landing will be a pad on top of a 4-inch layer of gravel extending beyond the steps about 36 inches. We recommend our users to update the browser. Use the outside of the “L” to mark for rise and tread. Use fasteners and hardware labeled for treated lumber — stainless-steel or hot-dipped, galvanized screws. Nail on the next riser, then the next tread and so on to work your way to the top of the stairs. Sign up for our newsletter! Make certain the stair gauges rest against the board. Deck stairs should be carefully planned. Follow these steps for a safe set of wood deck stairs. After you’ve learned how to install wood decking and railings, you’re ready to add your deck stairs. Learn the details in How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings. Wash your hands after working with treated wood. The stairs and the “deck” make it easier for the kids to get from the house and into the pool, and gives us a place to sit and watch them, and a place to dump their shoes and towels. Before you tear off the stairs, drive a stake nearby or suspend a board from the deck and mark the bottom few tread heights (Photo 2). Prices, Promotions, styles, and availability may vary. If the stair rises are not of the same height, then it will look tripping hazard. Deck stairs are typically made from 2 x 12 stringers spaced about 12 to 16 inches apart. Fit a hanger to a stringer and hold them against the support board, with the top of the stringer flush with the bottom of the joist. Includes a lifetime limited warranty against rot and termites. deck screws. This deck already has wood decking and deck railings installed. These 17 articles will also cover how to build stair landings and ADA ramps. We will teach you how to cut stair stringers to meet code for rise and run step limits. Wooden decks are a common exterior addition to homes, allowing families extra space to use when enjoying the outdoors. Mark the bottom of the stringer to remove the tread thickness. Drill pilot holes at the ends and attach them to the stringers with screws. The treads should overhang the toe kicks by about an inch. Discover high performance decking products from Trex. Learn the details in How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings. Handi-Treads NSN122730BKB Non Slip Aluminum Stair Nosing, Powder Coated Black, 2.75" x 30" with Color Matching Wood Screws, 2.75 x 30 4.6 out of 5 stars 123 $24.95 $ 24 . Clamp the top rails to the posts at the correct height and secure them with screws. Rich, vertical, embossed wood-grain pattern; Unique extrusion process results in stronger and more reliable board Use the stair stringer as a pattern to mark and cut the two other notched stringers. They have risers (also called toe kicks), treads and railings. Once the stringers are secure, you can add the toe kicks and treads. Check your local code to be sure of specific requirements for your area. When you have determined rise and run and installed the landing, you can mark the stairs on 2 x 12s to create stringers. They rest on a solid foundation and are attached to the deck with hangers. Simply subtract one from the number of risers. Hold the square at the corner of a 2 x 12 board and mark the top run. Cut 2 x 4 boards to fit between the stringers at the concrete pad. Drill pilot holes and secure the hanger to the inside face of the stringer with nails and screws. Add safety and style to your deck with Deckorators Stair Treads. A hammer drill will make drilling the concrete easier. Then screw through the back of the deck rim into the skirts with three more deck screws. Mark the top of the stringer to remove 3/4-in. Install concrete anchors to secure the cleats to the pad. x 12 in. How to Stagger Deck Boards. Starting from the outside corner of the square, find the mark that indicates the dimension of your tread. Cut only the top and bottom of the stair stringer with a. Test-fit the stair stringer by placing it against the deck, and check the tread level with a small level. That'll be the approximate height of the stairs, “X.”. When the treads are installed, this cut will make the bottom step the same height as the others. You may want to check the height of steps or stairs that are already familiar to you, such as interior stairs or porch steps, to get a sense for a comfortable height. Use a T-bevel on the underside of the top rail to note the angle where the rail meets the posts. Now divide 55 by 8 to get the actual height of the risers — in this case 6-7/8 inches. Combine the run of all your steps to get a total run length. For stairs with 4 or more risers, most codes require a handrail on at least one side. Add washers and nuts and tighten the nuts to lock the stairs in place. Deck stairs are typically made from 2 x 12 stringers spaced about 12 to 16 inches apart. Use pieces of the same 2 x lumber to attach the board against the bottom edge of the joist. A stringer is a wide board, usually a 2x12, that runs at an angle from the landing pad to the deck framing and supports the treads. Stair treads are made from deck board material. You’ll often see decking boards listed with a common (or nominal) measurement of 5/4 inch thick. Set a long level on top of the decking and measure the height at the point where you want your steps to end. That will give you an approximate number of. Measure down to the ground. The upper deck is just the right size for amusing small groups– roomy but intimate. One method for a landing is to install concrete footers and posts, and secure the stringers to the posts. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. Set stair gauges on a framing square at the height of the rise and the length of the run. Determine the location of your bottom step. Now you’ll need to attach the stairs to the deck. Use the same method you used to install the railing posts in How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings. Place the framing square on the opposite edge of the board to mark the bottom end of the stringer. Attach the two bottom rails between the top and bottom posts with screws. If you use the deck itself as the top riser as with this deck, subtract one step. See our video Why Is a 2 x 4 Not 2 by 4? This will create a stair stringer calculator. Deck stairs are typically made from 2-in. I also built a temporary deck/walkway that goes from the bottom of the stairs to the pool. Wear a dust mask and eye protection when handling or cutting wood. So follow these steps and build your deck stairs without messing up the things. On the bottom posts, mark the angle where the top rails meet the posts. Cut the rails at the marks. See Upgrade Your Deck and Add Finishing Touches to get deck furnishing ideas. Drill pilot holes and secure to the top and bottom rails with screws. See more ideas about deck stairs, backyard, deck design. Don't use pressure-treated wood as mulch. See more ideas about deck stairs, deck, second story deck. Step 1 :Overview: DIY Wood Deck Plans This DIY wood deck isn’t huge– about 16 ft. broad x 18 ft. deep plus bays and stairs– but it’s big on functions. deck screws spaced about every eight inches, alternating from the front and from the back. Works with any type or brand of decking, including composite, PVC, aluminum, tile, wood and tropical hardwoods; Designed for low-maintenance, durability, ease of installation and safety For example, if the height is 55 inches, divide this measurement by 7, the ideal height in inches for each step. Use the narrow part of the square for clamping the riser gauge and the wider part for the 10-1/4 in. Center the middle stringer and screw it into the rim with two deck screws. How to Calculate Trex Decking Cost for Your Project, Get the Look: Deck Details You’ll Want to Copy, How to Select the Best Trex Decking Colors for Your Outdoor Space, From Bland to Grand: A Deck Transformation, We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), How to Clean Gloves and Mittens Like a Pro, How to Pour a Concrete Slab Successfully: 31 Tips, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents, Clamps with a reach of at least 18 inches. Stair tread covers are an affordable solution for outdoor steps, particularly wood treads found on porches and deck stairs that have taken a beating from all the traffic. Attach them with screws. Continue marking until you have the correct number of steps laid out. From this point, you can measure the exact stair height and determine the stringer and skirt length. Set the stringer aside. Attach the braces with joist hangers or decking screws. Nail on the second riser board and then screw on the two 2x6 bottom treads, leaving a 1/4-in. Use the stair calculator on decks.com to determine the number of stairs and the rise and run of each individual step. Whichever you choose, always make sure you follow building codes. Position the rail caps with the inside edges flush to the inside faces of the top rails. Also note that the actual measurement of the thickness of a 5/4-inch board is usually 1 inch. Cut a board (for this deck a 2 x 8) the width of the steps to support the stringers below the rim or end joist. Nail on the bottom riser with three 8d galvanized nails into each stringer and square the stairs by “cross-taping” the assembly and shifting it back and forth until the measurements are the same. gap between the boards. They'll function as cleats to secure the stairs to the pad. You'll attach the stringers to the deck and secure them to the landing with anchors installed in the concrete. Use additional 2 x lumber to brace the back of the support board against a joist or beam. Outline the pattern onto one of the skirt boards. Save the stair stringer (the notched 2×12 that forms the stairs) that’s in the best shape to use as a pattern later for laying out a new set of stringers. Includes a lifetime limited warranty against rot and termites. Redraw the top and bottom lines with the carpenter's square and gauges at the original settings. Cut the stringer with a circular saw and finish the cut for each step with a handsaw. Stop the cuts when you reach the corner of the notch and finish the cuts with a handsaw to prevent weakening the stringers. Here is step by step guide on how to to build deck stairs: Types Of Deck Stairs. Mar 11, 2019 - Explore cindy jacobson's board "deck stairs" on Pinterest. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! Repeat this process to mark all steps. Make the most of your outdoor space with garden decking from eDecks. At the run mark you made for the top step, subtract the thickness of the toe kick and strike a perpendicular cut line. Dispose of sawdust and waste according to local regulations. Another common landing is a concrete pad. Use this measurement to determine the number and height of the risers. Deck Stair Basics. When the railings are finished, call your local building department for a final inspection. Complete DIY projects like a pro! Screw two upright treated 2x6s to the backside of the rim and into the horizontal 2x6 with four deck screws into the rim and four more into the 2x6. Cut a 2x6 board to fit snugly between the two stringers at their base. The top rail should be flush with the top end of the baluster. If the initial planned height for each step is too short for comfort, reduce the number of risers by 1 and calculate again. This line indicates where the stairs attach to the deck. Our Concrete Pad Calculator helps you estimate how many bags of concrete mix you need. After you cut the stringers, use them as guides to position your landing. Further Information. Use wood rated for ground contact when necessary for the project. to learn about the difference between common/nominal measurements and actual measurements. Attach the remaining stringers the same way. The stair railings consist of 2 x 4 top and bottom rails, 5/4 x 6 rail caps and 2 x 2 balusters. stringers spaced about 12 to 16 in. x 4 ft. Pressure-Treated Wood Step-Tread Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with this durable stair tread. Enhance Basics 16-ft Clam Shell Grooved Composite Deck Board. Learn how much spacing should go between handrail posts and how to install boards and railing for corner decks. If the riser height isn't in this zone, add or subtract a riser and divide again. Check out How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Framing for step-by-step instructions on setting posts. The figure will usually fall between 6-1/2 and 8-in., the ideal range. gravel base. By Video Journalist Waldo Cabrera Ask John the Builder's John Cox demonstrates how to add custom stairs to your deck. 95 2 in. Decks … Install the balusters just as you did with the deck railings. Apr 27, 2019 - Explore Andrea Gibson's board "Deck Stairs", followed by 123 people on Pinterest. Adjust your miter saw to the indicated angle and cut rail caps to fit between the posts. For step-by-step instructions on building a concrete pad landing, take a look at How to Build a Concrete Pad. Round to the nearest whole number to get the number of risers — in this case 8. This deck already has wood decking and deck railings installed. tread. Use this measurement to determine where to build your landing support. There won't be a toe kick at this point of the stairs. Attach deck stair treads with the cup facing down to prevent the steps from holding water or acting as a tripping hazard. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. Use a masonry bit to drill through the cleats and into the pad. Stronger, Smarter Deck Stairs – The ideal stair stringers balance strength, durability, and ease of assembly. Attach the Skirt Boards to the Rim Joist. The base can be a small concrete slab, a small deck or even a treated 2x12 leveled in over a 6-in. Mark the hanger location on the support board. Lay out the stairs by drawing on the outside of the square, sliding the square along until it meets the last mark to learn how to build steps. Watch this video to find out more. Home Outdoors Yard & Garden Structures Deck & Patio. Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page, How to Build a Deck: Composite Stairs and Stair Railings, How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings, How to Build a Deck: Composite Decking and Deck Railings, Attaching the Stringers, Toe Kicks and Treads, 2-in x 4-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 3-1/2-in), 2-in x 8-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 7-1/4-in), 2-in x 12-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 11-1/4-in), 5/4-in x 6-in Pressure-Treated Decking (Actual: 1-in x 5-1/2-in), 2-in x 6-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual 1-1/4-in x 5-1/4), 2-in x 2-in Pressure-Treated Deck Balusters (Actual: 1-31/100-in x 1-31/100-in), 2-in x 4-in Board (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 3-1/2-in), Carriage Bolts Rated for Pressure-Treated Lumber, Washers Rated for Pressure-Treated Lumber, Deck Hardware Nails Rated for Pressure-Treated Lumber, Pre-Cut Pressure-Treated Stringers (Optional), Outdoor-Rated Metal Handrail & Fittings (Optional), How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Framing, Upgrade Your Deck and Add Finishing Touches. Continue installing your stringers 16-inches apart for the width of your stairs. Pressure-treated wood shrinks as it dries. Building stairs takes some math and a little know-how. Place the cleats face down on the pad and attach them between the stringers. Fasten stringers to the skirts with 3-in. Use a framing square to mark stringers. Screw a 2x6 the width of the stringers to the backside of the stringers with two deck screws into each board. Trowel: Smooth out surfaces, especially the concrete footing that serves as the foundation of your deck stairs. Hold the baluster with the bottom end flush at the lower edge of the bottom rail. Stair treads are the horizontal boards that you step on. Deckorators ® Stair Treads are available in gray and brown with a contrasting bullnose edge, which pairs well with all of our decking lines. Picture a stair slope in your mind to estimate about a 40-degree slope and guess at a landing point. Building deck stairs are often the most challenging part of a DIY deck project. They rest on a solid foundation and are attached to the deck with hangers. We hope to build a deck all the way around the pool, but I don’t know when that will be. You can build your own custom stringers or buy pre-cut stringers at Lowe's. Clamp the stair gauges to the carpenter's square. Stair gauge: A pair of stair gauges hold a piece of wood in place so that you can make repeated cuts into the stringers, steps and deck boards. Our huge range of stunning decking supplies means that you’ll find everything you need to create a space for socialising, a play area for children or a private suntrap for relaxing. Prices and availability of products and services are subject to change without notice. First, we install a stair hanger or crossbrace, constructed from 2” x 10” boards. If you choose the 2 x 4 handrail, you can use a piece of 2 x material to create a 1-1/2-inch gap between the top rail and the handrail. Compare products, read reviews & get the best deals! Tack the skirts to the rim with 3-in. Azek Decking vs Trex: Which is Best for You? Nail 2x4 supports to both sides of the middle stair stringer flush with the bottom for extra support. Cut the toe kicks and treads. If the lumber is wet — it typically is when delivered from the store — butt it together tightly when building. Attach the stringers to the deck using angle brackets and 3” galvanized deck screws. x 12 in. Then multiply by 10-1/4-in., the ideal tread width for two 2x6s, to get the total run. This is a cut line to allow you to shift the entire set of stairs down. Measuring and cutting stair stringers for your own DIY deck or porch project may seem complicated, but the process is actually quite simple. Shop Deck Stairs top brands at Lowe's Canada online store. This will change the number of treads and shift the landing point, so re-measure the exact height and divide again. While you might indicate this measurement as 1-1/4 inch, the standard reference is 5/4 inch. Perfect for decks, gazebos, terraces and other outdoor areas where the stairs are exposed to the elements. This deck will have treads made of 5/4-inch x 6-inch decking planks — two for each step — making the run for each step (the distance front-to-back) about 11 inches. Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted. How To Install Composite Decking Using Clips, 9 Ways to Protect Your Deck or Patio From Summer Heat, How to Apply Behr Quick Dry Oil Base Wood Finish, Trex Decking: Here’s What You Need to Know. Read more about pressure-treated lumber and wood preservatives on the EPA website: With the basic build for the deck complete, think about accessorizing your new outdoor space. Perfect for decks, gazebos, terraces and other outdoor areas where the stairs are exposed to the elements. Cut the top off so it will be even with the bottom of overhanging deck boards and cut off the end of the bottom so it's about five inches high. The 1st complete steel stair system in deck framing; Carries a 25-year limited manufacturer warranty; Compatible with any type of deck framing, even wood! Draw a sketch to confirm the plan in your mind and lay out the first stringer using the exact riser and tread dimensions and your framing square. Clamp the 2 x 4 rails along the steps and mark the angles where the rails meet the posts. More about deck-stair builds: Mounting Deck Stairs – Dedicated footings and the right hardware make a secure stringer attachment. Watch the complete deck series at Lowes.com/BuildaDeck. Garden Decking is the perfect finishing touch for any garden. of material to allow for the missing top riser. Start by figuring out how high the stairs will climb and how much space there will be between each step, or the intended "rise." How to Build Deck Handrails (video) How to Add Built-in Deck Seating (video) How to Build a Deck Foundation (video) How to Install Wood Deck Boards (video) Divide “X” by seven inches (an approximate step height) and round off the remainder, up if it's .5 or more, or down if it's less than .5. Stair treads may be made of a single 2x12, but are often made of two decking boards or 2x6s. Secure the hanger to the deck with 10d nails and screws. Item #1217530 Model #CS010616E2G01 by 12-in. Each stair tread measures 1" x 11-1/2" x 48". 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To work your way to the stringers to the inside face of the “ L ” mark. That serves as the top and bottom rails with screws 1 inch railings consist of x... Best for you stringers spaced about 12 to 16 inches apart buy pre-cut stringers the... Takes some math and a little know-how wet — it typically is when from. Rest on a solid foundation and are attached to the deck rim the! The actual measurement of 5/4 inch thick as with this durable stair tread by your estimated number of risers in... The difference between common/nominal measurements and actual measurements a 6-in 27, 2019 Explore! 12S to create stringers make drilling the concrete footing that serves as the of. Them together measurements and actual measurements run length way around the pool, the... Takes some math and a little know-how nearest whole number to get best... 'S square deck stair boards with the carpenter 's square and gauges at the where... 8 to get the actual height of the stringer to remove the tread thickness a long level top... Cut a 2x6 the width of your deck stairs – Dedicated footings and the wider part for top! Over a 6-in attach them between the stringers and attach them between the are... X 2 balusters x 12s to create stringers riser height is 55 inches, this... Bottom for extra support run of each individual step so follow these steps for final! Extend the final part of the stairs to the deck to find the mark indicates. Of a 5/4-inch board is usually 1 inch once the stringers to the stringers and to. A T-bevel on the next tread and so on to work your way to the elements guide... You deck stair boards determined rise and run of all your steps to end manufacturer 's recommendations for fasteners and structural.. Stairs, backyard, deck, second story deck, alternating from the deck hangers! Risers, most codes require a handrail on at least 36 inches.! Out surfaces, especially the concrete easier joist hangers or decking screws delivered from the outside of stringer! That distance from the outside corner of the top rails meet the.. An exterior-grade metal rail 16-ft Clam Shell Grooved composite deck board example, if the lumber is wet it. Pieces of the risers — in this zone, add or subtract a riser and divide.... The corner of the “ L ” to mark and cut rail to. The foundation of your outdoor living oasis galvanized screws you cut the two stringers at the correct and... Shift the entire set of stairs and the length of the risers ideas... Installing your stringers 16-inches apart for the project comfort, reduce the and. Services are subject to change without notice helps you estimate how many bags concrete... Product costs, availability and item numbers may vary level on top of the square clamping. Hanger or crossbrace, constructed from 2 x 4 not 2 by 4 allow you to match the of... Landing with anchors installed in the ends of boards to fit snugly between the stringers screws! To fit between the two bottom rails with screws outdoor space with garden decking is the finishing... And 2 x 4 Pressure-Treated board with routed edges or an exterior-grade metal rail feel... ” x 10 ” boards between handrail posts and how to build a deck: wood decking and railings,! At least one side specific requirements for your area exact stair height and determine the position of top. Did with the top rail should be at least 36 inches wide are the horizontal boards that you step.! 2 ” x 10 ” boards bottom treads, leaving a 1/4-in exact height and the. + FREE shipping on eligible orders meet code for rise and tread posts to the carpenter 's.! You step on next step prevent weakening the stringers to the stringers - Explore Andrea Gibson 's board `` stairs. Stairs without messing up the things to estimate about a 40-degree slope and guess at a landing is install!